Guide: How to Conclude Without Saying “In Conclusion”

Conclusions are an essential part of any piece of writing. They give you an opportunity to summarize your main points and leave a lasting impression on your readers. However, it can feel repetitive and unimaginative to constantly use the phrase “in conclusion.” In this guide, we will explore various formal and informal ways to conclude your writing without using those exact words.

Formal Conclusions:

When it comes to formal writing, such as academic papers, reports, or business documents, it is crucial to maintain a professional tone while concluding your work. Here are several alternative phrases you can use instead of “in conclusion”:

1. Summarizing:

Summarizing your main points is an excellent way to conclude your writing effectively. Consider using these phrases:

  • In summary, [Reiterate your main points briefly.]
  • To summarize, [Briefly recap your key ideas.]
  • Considering all the evidence, [Briefly summarize the supporting facts.]

2. Drawing Conclusions:

When you want to make a strong final statement in a formal context, utilize these phrases:

  • It is evident that, [State the clear conclusion drawn from the evidence presented.]
  • Based on the information provided, [Make a reasoned conclusion.]
  • Therefore, [Sum up the key points and present your final thoughts.]

3. Offering Recommendations:

In some cases, your conclusion may include recommendations or suggestions. Here are a few phrases to help convey this:

  • It is recommended that, [Present your suggested course of action based on your findings.]
  • For future consideration, [Offer suggestions for further exploration.]

Informal Conclusions:

Informal writing allows for a more personal and conversational tone. Here are some alternative phrases you can use when concluding informal pieces such as blog posts, personal narratives, or casual emails:

1. Wrapping Things Up:

These phrases are perfect for signaling the end of your informal piece:

  • To wrap it up, [Provide a concise summary of your main points.]
  • All in all, [Summarize the key takeaways.]
  • Finally, [Convey that you have reached the end of your discussion.]

2. Expressing Final Thoughts:

When you want to share your last insights or reflections, consider using these phrases:

  • From my perspective, [Share your personal viewpoint before closing.]
  • After careful consideration, [Share your final thoughts or judgments.]
  • It’s worth noting that, [Provide a significant point to remember as a conclusion.]


In summary, after analyzing the data and considering all the evidence, it is evident that implementing these new strategies will significantly improve our business outcomes.

To summarize, based on the information provided by the research, it is recommended that we focus on sustainability and innovation as core principles for future consideration.

All in all, the trip was an incredible adventure filled with breathtaking sights, delicious food, and unforgettable memories.

Finally, from my perspective, embracing new challenges and constantly pushing ourselves to grow is the key to personal and professional success.


Concluding your writing effectively is vital, but it doesn’t mean you have to rely on the overused phrase “in conclusion.” By using the alternatives provided in this guide, both in formal and informal contexts, you can create a strong, memorable conclusion while maintaining a professional or personal tone. Experiment with different phrases and techniques to find the ones that best suit your writing style and purpose. Happy writing!

⭐Share⭐ to appreciate human effort 🙏
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Scroll to Top