How to Say Hello in Igbo: Formal and Informal Greetings

Welcome to our guide on how to say hello in Igbo, a language spoken by the Igbo people of Nigeria. Whether you want to greet someone formally or informally, we’ve got you covered! In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore various ways to say hello, provide tips on usage, and include examples to help you master the art of Igbo greetings.

Formal Greetings

Formal greetings are used in professional settings or when addressing someone older or of higher social status. Here are a few phrases you can use:

1. Ndewo

Commonly used in formal situations, “Ndewo” is a versatile greeting that can be used throughout the day.

Example: Ndewo, sir/ma. Kedu? (Hello, sir/ma. How are you?)

2. Daalụ

“Daalụ” is another formal greeting, conveying respect and politeness when addressing someone.

Example: Daalụ, onye nkem. Kedu? (Hello, my friend. How are you?)

3. Kachifo

“Kachifo” is a formal way of greeting someone in the morning. It translates to “good morning.”

Example: Kachifo, oga/ezigbo nwoke/nwaanyị (Good morning, sir/good man/good woman.)

4. Ehihie

When you want to greet someone in the afternoon, you can use “Ehihie,” which means “good afternoon.”

Example: Ehihie, madam/ụmụaka. Kedu? (Good afternoon, madam/young person. How are you?)

5. Kachifo

For evening greetings, “Kachifo” can also be used to say “good evening.”

Example: Kachifo, nwanne m. Kedu? (Good evening, my sibling. How are you?)

Informal Greetings

Informal greetings are used among friends, family, or peers. They are more relaxed and can be used at any time of the day. Let’s explore some informal Igbo greetings:

1. Nnoo

“Nnoo” is a common and friendly greeting used in informal situations, usually among friends or acquaintances.

Example: Nnoo, nwoke oma/nwaanyị oma. Kedu? (Hello, good man/good woman. How are you?)

2. Ibolachi

“Ibolachi” is a casual way of saying “good morning” to someone you have a close relationship with.

Example: Ibolachi, ngwanu. Kedu ka ịmelụ? (Good morning, my friend. How are you today?)

3. Kelechi

“Kelechi” is an informal greeting used in the afternoon to say “good afternoon.”

Example: Kelechi, ibiom. Kedu? (Good afternoon, my dear. How are you?)

4. Mmuọ

“Mmuọ” is an informal greeting used in the evening, meaning “good evening.”

Example: Mmuọ, nwannem. Kedu? (Good evening, my sibling. How are you?)

General Tips and Regional Variations

Here are some additional tips to help you use Igbo greetings effectively:

  • Keep it respectful: Using formal greetings when appropriate shows respect toward older individuals or those in authority.
  • Non-verbal greetings: Igbo culture values non-verbal greetings, such as a nod or a handshake, alongside verbal greetings.

While the phrases mentioned above are widely used in Igbo communities, it’s worth noting that there might be some regional variations in the language. Variations can include slight differences in pronunciation or alternative phrasing. However, these minor variations do not significantly impact understanding, and the greetings provided can be used universally.


Mastering the art of Igbo greetings is a fantastic way to connect with the Igbo culture and build rapport with Igbo speakers. By using formal or informal greetings appropriately, you can show respect and establish strong relationships. Remember to practice these greetings in different settings, and don’t hesitate to use them to greet Igbo speakers in your encounters. Ndewo and nnoo!

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