How to Say Hello in Igbo: Formal and Informal Ways

Welcome to this comprehensive guide on how to say hello in Igbo, one of Nigeria’s most widely spoken languages. Whether you want to greet someone formally or informally, we’ll cover it all! Igbo, also known as “Asụsụ Ìgbò,” is spoken by millions of people in southeastern Nigeria and beyond. So, let’s dive into the various ways to say hello in Igbo!

1. Saying Hello Formally:

1. Nnọ (Hello)

If you’re looking for a simple and formal way to greet someone in Igbo, “nnọ” is the perfect choice. It is used in various contexts and is commonly understood by all Igbo speakers. When pronounced, stress the “n” sound at the beginning, making it “n-no” with a slight pause between the two syllables.

2. Kedu (How are you?)

Another common formal greeting is “kedu.” It literally means “how are you?” and is an excellent way to start a conversation with someone you respect or hold in high regard. When using “kedu,” be prepared for the other person to respond with how they are feeling or what they are currently doing.

3. Kachifo (Good day)

“Kachifo” is a more formal way of greeting someone, roughly translating to “good day.” It’s commonly used during the daytime and conveys a sense of well-wishing. This greeting is particularly useful when addressing elders or individuals in positions of authority.

2. Saying Hello Informally:

1. Nnoo (Hey)

If you’re looking for a casual and friendly way to greet someone in Igbo, “nnoo” is the perfect choice. It’s the equivalent of saying “hey” in English and conveys a relaxed and informal tone. This greeting can be used among friends, peers, or in informal settings.

2. Kedu ka i mere? (Howdy?)

For a more lively and informal greeting, “kedu ka i mere?” is a great option. This phrase is more colloquial and expresses familiarity and warmth. It is often used among friends or when addressing people of similar age groups.

3. Ojọọ (Morning)

“Ojọọ” means “morning” in Igbo and is used as a simple and informal greeting. It’s a versatile greeting that can be used at any time during the morning hours. When saying “ojọọ,” you’ll likely receive a similar response, such as “ojọọ oma” (good morning).

Tips for Greeting in Igbo:

TIP 1: Igbo culture highly values respect and politeness. When greeting someone, it’s always better to err on the side of caution and be more formal, especially when addressing elders, authority figures, or people you’ve just met.

TIP 2: Pay attention to non-verbal cues such as handshakes, nods, and gestures when exchanging greetings. This will further enhance your communication and show that you are culturally sensitive.

TIP 3: Don’t be afraid to ask friends or native Igbo speakers for guidance on pronunciation or to provide additional variations of greetings, as regional variations may exist.


Here are a few examples to help you visualize the greetings:

  • Formal: Person A: Nnọ! (Hello!) Person B: Nnọ! I mesịa. (Hello! I am fine.)
  • Informal: Person A: Nnoo! (Hey!) Person B: Nnoo! Ọ dị mma. (Hey! It’s good.)

Remember, greetings are just the beginning of building connections and expressing goodwill in any language. So, practice these greetings with enthusiasm, and before you know it, you’ll be engaging in delightful conversations with Igbo speakers!

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