How to Say Stove in Chinese: A Comprehensive Guide

Learning how to say “stove” in different languages can be a fascinating adventure. In this guide, we will explore various ways to say “stove” in Chinese, including both formal and informal terms. While we focus primarily on the standardized Mandarin language, we will also provide insights into regional variations, where applicable. So, let’s dive right in!

Formal Ways to Say Stove in Chinese

When it comes to formal or standard Mandarin, there are a couple of terms you can use to refer to a stove. These terms are commonly used across China:

1. 炉子 (lú zi)

The term “炉子” is used by most Mandarin speakers to refer to a stove. It is a versatile term that can be used for both cooking stoves and heating stoves. This word is widely understood and is suitable for formal occasions.


请确保炉子上的火焰已熄灭。 (Qǐng quèbǎo lúzi shàng de huǒyàn yǐ xīmiè.)

Please make sure the flame on the stove is extinguished.

2. 灶台 (zào tái)

Another formal term for a stove is “灶台,” which specifically refers to the cooking surface or the top part of the stove. This term is commonly used when discussing kitchen appliances and cooking equipment.


放上锅之前,请先烧热灶台。 (Fàng shàng guō zhīqián, qǐng xiān shāo rè zàotái.)

Before placing the pot, please heat up the cooking surface first.

Informal Ways to Say Stove in Chinese

In informal situations or daily conversations, Chinese speakers often use less formal terms. These terms are more casual and commonly used in everyday life:

1. 炉灶 (lú zào)

The term “炉灶” is a more casual way to refer to a stove. It combines the characters for “炉子” (stove) and “灶台” (cooking surface) into a single word. This term is commonly used in colloquial speech.


我在厨房碰到的第一件事是打开炉灶。 (Wǒ zài chúfáng pèng dào de dì yījiàn shì shì dǎkāi lúzào.)

The first thing I do when entering the kitchen is to turn on the stove.

2. 火炉 (huǒ lú)

“火炉” is another informal term for a stove, which literally translates to “fire stove.” This term emphasizes the presence of fire in the stove and is often used when referring to heating stoves or traditional wood-burning stoves.


冬天坐在火炉旁边很暖和。 (Dōngtiān zuò zài huǒlú pángbiān hěn nuǎnhuo.)

Sitting next to the heating stove is warm during winter.

Chinese Regional Variations

China is a vast country with diverse linguistic traditions, leading to variations in the way certain words are pronounced. The terms mentioned above are generally understood across regional dialects. However, it’s worth noting a few regional variations:

1. Cantonese:

In Cantonese, a widely spoken dialect primarily found in Guangdong and Hong Kong, you can use the term “爐灶” (lou4 zou6), which is similar to the Mandarin “炉灶” (lú zào).

2. Taiwanese Hokkien:

In Taiwanese Hokkien, commonly spoken in Taiwan and parts of Southeast Asia, the term “瓦斯爐” (ông-su-lóo) is often used to refer to a gas stove or cooktop.

While regional variations exist, the formal Mandarin terms discussed earlier remain comprehensible throughout China.


In conclusion, there are several ways to say “stove” in Chinese, both formally and informally, depending on the situation and context. In formal Mandarin, “炉子” (lú zi) and “灶台” (zào tái) are commonly used, whereas in everyday conversations, people often opt for “炉灶” (lú zào) or “火炉” (huǒ lú). Regional variations are found in Cantonese and Taiwanese Hokkien but do not drastically affect the understanding of the term “stove.” Remember to adapt your vocabulary based on the formality of the situation and the dialect spoken in a particular region.

Whether you’re traveling to China, interacting with Chinese speakers, or simply expanding your language skills, knowing how to say “stove” in Chinese will undoubtedly enhance your cultural and linguistic experience. Happy learning!

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