How to Say “Hi, How Are You?” in Turkish: Formal and Informal Ways

Welcome to this guide on how to greet someone in Turkish! Turkey is known for its warm hospitality, so learning how to say “Hi, how are you?” will go a long way in creating meaningful connections with Turkish-speaking individuals. In this guide, we will explore both formal and informal ways to greet someone in Turkish, along with regional variations when necessary. So, let’s dive in!

Formal Greetings

In formal settings, such as business meetings or when meeting someone older or in a position of authority, it is important to use a more respectful language. Here are some ways to say “Hi, how are you?” formally in Turkish:

1. Merhaba, Nasılsınız?

In formal situations, “Merhaba, Nasılsınız?” is a common and polite way to greet someone. The word “Merhaba” means “Hello,” and “Nasılsınız?” is the formal way to ask “How are you?”.

2. İyi günler, Nasılsınız?

Another formal greeting is “İyi günler, Nasılsınız?”. This translates to “Good day, how are you?”. This greeting is particularly suitable in professional environments during daylight hours.

3. Hoşgeldiniz, Nasılsınız?

If you want to express a warm welcome while asking how someone is doing formally, you can use “Hoşgeldiniz, Nasılsınız?”. “Hoşgeldiniz” means “Welcome” and is often used to greet guests or new acquaintances in a polite manner.

Informal Greetings

In informal contexts, such as among friends, family, or peers, a more relaxed language is used. Here are some common ways to say “Hi, how are you?” informally in Turkish:

1. Selam, Nasılsın?

“Selam, Nasılsın?” is a casual way to greet someone informally. “Selam” is similar to the English word “Hi” or “Hey,” and “Nasılsın?” is the informal way to ask “How are you?”. This greeting is commonly used among friends and acquaintances.

2. Merhaba, Nasılsın?

Although we mentioned “Merhaba, Nasılsınız?” in the formal greetings, it can also be used in informal contexts. By simply changing “Nasılsınız?” to “Nasılsın?”, you make it suitable for conversations with friends and acquaintances.

3. Naber?

If you’re looking for an even more casual and colloquial way to say “Hi, how are you?” among friends, “Naber?” is a popular choice. It is an informal way to ask “What’s up?” or “How’s it going?”. You can use it with closer friends or people of the same age.

Regional Variations

Turkish is a rich language with regional variations in vocabulary and pronunciation. While most greetings are commonly understood across Turkey, some regions have their own unique ways of greeting. Here are a few examples:

Example 1: In some parts of the Black Sea region, particularly in Trabzon, locals greet each other by saying “Eyvallah, naber?” where “Eyvallah” means “Hello” and “naber” means “What’s up?”.

Example 2: In the southeastern region of Turkey, especially in cities like Diyarbakır, people often greet with “Gunaydın, n’aber?” which is a combination of “Good morning” and “What’s up?”.

Tips for Pronunciation

Now that you have a good grasp of the different ways to say “Hi, how are you?” in Turkish, here are a few tips to help you with pronunciation:

  • Practice pronouncing “Merhaba” by breaking it down into syllables: “Mer-ha-ba”.
  • Pay attention to the “ğ” sound in Turkish. It is silent and softens the preceding vowel. For example, in “Nasılsınız?”, the dotless “i” softens to “uh” sound.
  • When saying “Naber?”, emphasize the “a” sound, similar to the English word “up”.


Congratulations! You have learned various ways to say “Hi, how are you?” in Turkish. Whether you’re in a formal or informal setting, you now have the tools to greet someone with warmth and respect. Remember, a simple greeting can go a long way in building relationships, so don’t hesitate to practice these phrases and make new connections in the beautiful Turkish language. Hoşça kalın! (Goodbye!)

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