How to Say “Enemy” in Greek: A Comprehensive Guide

Learning how to express the word “enemy” in different languages can be both fascinating and useful. In this guide, we will explore the various ways to say “enemy” in Greek, including formal and informal options. Additionally, we will provide regional variations if necessary. From tips to examples, we aim to help you master this intriguing Greek term. So, let’s dive in!

Formal Ways to Say “Enemy” in Greek

When it comes to expressing “enemy” formally in Greek, the word you should use is “εχθρός” (echthros). This is the most common and widely accepted formal term for an enemy in the Greek language. Let’s take a look at some examples:

Ο εχθρός μου είναι πολύ δυνατός. (O echthros mou einai polý dynatós.)

Translation: My enemy is very strong.

Η χώρα έχει πολλούς εχθρούς. (I chóra échei polloús echthroús.)

Translation: The country has many enemies.

Informal Ways to Say “Enemy” in Greek

If you are looking for a more informal way to refer to an enemy in Greek, you can use the word “άτιμος” (átimos). This term is commonly used in a casual setting to describe someone as an enemy. Let’s see some practical examples:

Ο τύπος αυτός είναι άτιμος. (O típos aftós íne átimos.)

Translation: This guy is an enemy.

Μην τον εμπιστεύεσαι, είναι άτιμος. (Min ton empistévesai, íne átimos.)

Translation: Don’t trust him, he is an enemy.

Regional Variations

Due to the geographical spread of the Greek language, some regional variations may exist when it comes to expressing “enemy.” However, it is important to mention that the formal term “εχθρός” and the informal term “άτιμος” are widely understood and used throughout Greece. While local dialects may have different words for enemy, they are less relevant for general communication.

Tips for Learning Greek Vocabulary

Learning a new language can be challenging, but with dedication and practice, you can succeed. Here are some helpful tips to enhance your Greek vocabulary:

  • Consistency: Make a habit of studying Greek vocabulary every day. Even spending a few minutes daily can make a significant difference.
  • Contextual Learning: Memorize new words by using them in context. Associating words with specific situations or sentences will aid in better retention.
  • Flashcards: Create flashcards with Greek words on one side and their English translations on the other. Regularly reviewing these flashcards will reinforce your memory.
  • Language Apps: Utilize language learning apps available on smartphones and computers. Apps like Duolingo, Memrise, and Babbel offer Greek language courses and can be a valuable resource.
  • Immerse Yourself: Immerse yourself in the Greek language and culture. Listen to Greek music, watch Greek movies, and try to engage in conversations with native Greek speakers whenever possible.

Remember, learning a new language is a journey, so be patient with yourself and enjoy the process. With time, you’ll become more confident!


In conclusion, knowing how to say “enemy” in Greek can be advantageous when exploring the language and culture. The formal term “εχθρός” and the informal term “άτιμος” are widely used in Greece to describe an enemy. While regional variations may exist, they are less relevant for everyday communication. By following the tips provided and practicing regularly, you can effectively expand your Greek vocabulary. So, embrace the challenge, and happy learning!

Leave comment