How to Say “How Are You” in Italian: Formal and Informal Ways

Ciao! Are you interested in learning how to greet someone in Italian and ask, “How are you?” Well, you’ve come to the right place! In this guide, I’ll provide you with the formal and informal ways to say “How are you” in Italian, along with some regional variations, tips, and examples.

Formal Expressions:

When addressing someone in a formal context, such as someone older or in a professional setting, it’s important to use polite expressions. Here are a few ways to ask “How are you?” formally:

1. Come sta?

One common phrase is “Come sta?” which directly translates to “How are you?” This expression is suitable for formal situations and demonstrates respect. It’s important to note that “sta” is the third-person singular form of the verb “stare” (to be) in Italian.


“Buongiorno, signora Rossi. Come sta oggi?” – “Good morning, Mrs. Rossi. How are you today?”

2. Come sta lei?

Another formal way to ask “How are you?” is “Come sta lei?” This expression adds emphasis on the person you’re addressing, showing extra respect.


“Mi scusi, signor Bianchi. Come sta lei dopo l’intervento?” – “Excuse me, Mr. Bianchi. How are you after the surgery?”

Informal Expressions:

When interacting with friends, family, or in casual situations, Italians tend to use more relaxed expressions. Here are a couple of ways to ask “How are you?” informally:

1. Come stai?

“Come stai?” is the informal way to ask “How are you?” in Italian. This is the second-person singular form of the verb “stare.” It’s commonly used among friends and acquaintances.


“Ciao Marco! Come stai?” – “Hi Marco! How are you?”

2. Come va?

Another casual expression used to ask “How are you?” is “Come va?” which literally means “How’s it going?” This phrase is widely used and suitable for various informal situations.


“Ciao Laura! Come va da tuo fratello?” – “Hi Laura! How is it going at your brother’s place?”

Tips and Additional Phrases:

Now that you know how to ask “How are you?” formally and informally, here are a few extra tips and phrases to expand your understanding:

1. Responding to “How are you?” – Formal:

When replying in a formal context, you can use phrases such as:

  • “Sto bene, grazie” – “I’m fine, thank you.”
  • “Mi sento un po’ stanco/a” – “I feel a bit tired.”
  • “Non c’è male” – “Not bad.”

2. Responding to “How are you?” – Informal:

When responding in an informal setting, you can use expressions like:

  • “Bene, grazie!” – “Good, thank you!”
  • “Tutto okay” – “Everything’s okay.”
  • “Così così” – “So-so.”

3. Including regional variations:

Italian, being a language with regional differences, may have some variations when it comes to greeting and asking about well-being. However, the formal and informal expressions discussed earlier are widely accepted and understood throughout Italy.

Remember to always use the appropriate expression based on the context and familiarity with the person you’re speaking to.

4. Body language and tone:

In Italian culture, body language and tone contribute to communication. When asking “How are you?” or responding, maintain a warm and friendly tone. Italians appreciate gestures like smiling, making eye contact, and using hand movements to express yourself.

Now that you have a solid understanding of how to say “How are you?” in Italian both formally and informally, feel free to practice these expressions with native speakers or during your travels.

Ricordati di praticare l’italiano sempre che puoi! (Remember to practice Italian whenever you can!)

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