How to Say “Bride” in Japanese – Formal and Informal Terms

When it comes to expressing the term “bride” in Japanese, there are several ways to do so, depending on the level of formality and the context of the conversation. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore various ways to say “bride” in Japanese, covering both formal and informal terms. Additionally, we will provide tips, examples, and regional variations where applicable.

Formal Ways to Say “Bride” in Japanese

1. 花嫁 (Hanayome)

The most common and formal term for “bride” in Japanese is 花嫁 (hanayome). This word carries an elegant and traditional connotation and is widely used in formal settings such as weddings or official conversations.

Example: 彼女は美しい花嫁です。(Kanojo wa utsukushii hanayome desu.)
(She is a beautiful bride.)

2. 新婦 (Shinpu)

Another formal way to say “bride” in Japanese is 新婦 (shinpu). This term is often used in official documents, such as wedding invitations or legal papers, to refer to the bride.

Example: 式典の新婦として、彼女は素晴らしいです。(Shikiten no shinpu toshite, kanojo wa subarashii desu.)
(As the bride of the ceremony, she is wonderful.)

Informal Ways to Say “Bride” in Japanese

1. よめ (Yome)

When it comes to informal or casual conversations, よめ (yome) is a commonly used term for “bride” in Japanese. This word is often used within families or in friendly discussions.

Example: 私の妹は来週よめになります。(Watashi no imouto wa raishū yome ni narimasu.)
(My sister will become a bride next week.)

2. お嫁さん (Oyomesan)

お嫁さん (oyomesan) is another informal way to refer to a “bride” in Japanese. This term is commonly used among friends and acquaintances.

Example: おめでとう!お嫁さんになるんだね。(Omedetō! Oyomesan ni narun da ne.)
(Congratulations! You’re becoming a bride.)

Tips for Using “Bride” in Japanese

Here are some helpful tips when using the term “bride” in Japanese:

1. Context Matters

Ensure that you consider the context of your conversation before choosing the appropriate term for “bride” in Japanese. Formal settings, such as weddings or official events, require formal terms like 花嫁 (hanayome) or 新婦 (shinpu). In contrast, informal situations among friends or family call for よめ (yome) or お嫁さん (oyomesan).

2. Learn Regional Variations

While the terms mentioned above are widely used throughout Japan, it’s worth noting that there might be regional variations. Some local dialects may have different terms or pronunciations for “bride.” If you’re interacting with people from specific regions, it can be interesting to learn and use their local variations if appropriate.


Now that you are familiar with various ways to say “bride” in Japanese, both formally and informally, you can confidently navigate conversations related to weddings or other contexts where this term may arise. Remember to pay attention to the level of formality and choose the appropriate term accordingly. By doing so, you’ll enhance your communication skills and demonstrate your cultural understanding. Congratulations and best wishes on your language journey!

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