How to Say “Batuk” in English: Formal and Informal Ways

If you’ve ever wondered how to say “batuk” in English, you’ve come to the right place. In this guide, we will explore both formal and informal ways of translating the word “batuk.” Whether you’re in a professional setting or having a casual conversation, we’ll provide you with useful tips and examples to help you communicate effectively. So, let’s dive in!

Formal Translations

When it comes to formal situations, it’s important to use appropriate language and terminology. Here are a few formal ways to express “batuk” in English:

1. Cough

The most common and widely accepted translation for “batuk” is “cough.” This term is used both in medical contexts and everyday conversation. For instance:

John was unable to attend the meeting due to a persistent cough.

As shown in the example, “cough” can be used in various contexts to convey the meaning of “batuk” formally.

2. Bronchitis

In more specific cases where “batuk” is associated with a medical condition, the term “bronchitis” can be used. Bronchitis refers to the inflammation of the bronchial tubes, often resulting in a cough. Consider this example:

Sarah has been diagnosed with bronchitis, and her persistent cough has become a cause for concern.

Although “bronchitis” is a more specialized term, it can be used formally to describe a specific type of cough.

Informal Translations

In casual conversations, it’s common to use simpler and more colloquial language. Here are a few informal ways to say “batuk” in English:

1. Hack

“Hack” is an informal term you may hear people use to describe a cough. It is often associated with a louder or more forceful cough. Consider this example:

Jack’s been smoking too much lately, and now he can’t stop hacking.

As seen in the example, “hack” is a less formal way of saying “batuk” and is commonly used in casual conversations.

2. Coughing fit

Another informal way to describe a bout of coughing is by using the term “coughing fit.” This phrase implies a more intense and prolonged episode of coughing. For example:

I woke up last night with a terrible coughing fit, and it took me a while to catch my breath.

“Coughing fit” is a commonly used expression among friends and family when discussing bouts of intense coughing.

Regional Variations

While the above translations are widely understood, it’s worth noting that regional variations may exist. However, for the purpose of this guide, we will focus on the most commonly used terms globally. Here are a few tips to keep in mind when it comes to language variations:

  • Always consider the context and audience when choosing between formal and informal language.
  • When in doubt, it’s best to use the more widely accepted and understood translations.
  • Be aware of local dialects and idiomatic expressions that may vary from standard translations.


In conclusion, there are various ways to say “batuk” in English, depending on the formality of the situation. The term “cough” is the most widely used and accepted translation in both formal and informal settings. However, in specific cases, “bronchitis” may be used to describe a cough associated with a medical condition. Informally, terms like “hack” and “coughing fit” are commonly used to describe a cough in casual conversations. Remember to consider the context and choose the most appropriate translation based on the situation. Happy communicating!

Written by Genevieve Rose

Hey there! I'm Genevieve, a language enthusiast with a love for sharing my knowledge on the nuances of the English language. When I'm not crushing crosswords or adding to my collection of idioms, I pen comprehensive guides and tips on saying things right in English, from simple expressions like 'hi' or 'that' to more complex ones, and even jargon/terms from various cultures and dialects. I have a soft spot for peonies and enjoy a good game of Sudoku. Through my writing, I hope to make the world a more comprehensible place, one word at a time!

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